Tortuguero National Park

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It was created in 1975. It is located in the Costa Rican Caribbean region, 80km north of the city of Limon. One of the reasons for its creation, promoted by the herpetologist Archie Carr II, now deceased, was the protection of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), as this is the most important nesting area in the western Caribbean.
In addition, Tortuguero is an area of great importance for their remaining humid tropical forest, just 50 years ago covered almost all of northeastern Costa Rica.


General information

The Tortuguero National Park (TNP) covers an area of 26,156 hectares in the land part and about 50,160 hectares of marine area (created to protect sea turtles). In this area predomin ael very humid tropical forest, with an annual temperature of 26 romedio and an annual rainfall of between 4,500 and 6,000 mm. There are plenty of rivers, canals and lagoons, which are used both by residents and by tourists to navigate the park. These waterways serve as windows through which one can admire the lush flora and fauna, making the trip a wonderful experience for nature lovers.

Flora and fauna
In the NTP there is a very high diversity. In it we find over 400 species of trees and approximately 2,200 species of other plants, thanks to the variety of, including siguentes environments present: the typical coastal vegetation of the Caribbean, with species such as sea grape and icaco . It is also common coconut palm, a species native to India.
Behind the sandy coastal strip the forest grows on flooded or swampy land. There is common to find trees like sangrillo, the cant, the hawk and the poponjoche.
In flood-prone areas of raffia palm grows, that becomes a pure forests known as yolillales. In places with deeper water floating vegetation is mainly water hyacinth and water fern.
In areas not flooded soils, such as Lomas de Sierpe, with heights up to 311 meters, elmajestuos grows very humid tropical forest, Elque precipiación annual average is around 5,000 mm. This forest has an extraordinary diversity of flora; Among the most characteristic trees we can see the pylon, the canfín, and gourd mountain.
There is a variety of wildlife, including endangered mammals such as jaguars, ocelots, tapirs (the biggest American rainforests animal) in manatee, tolomuco in the park lazy and three species of monkeys, among others.
In addition, there are 405 species of birds, about half of which are in Costa Rica, and more than can be found, for example, throughout Europe. This diversity is repeated in amphibians and reptiles, fish and insects. One of the main attractions of the park is the nesting sea turtles, especially green turtles. The four species that breed in the Caribbean and come to nest on the beaches of Tortuguero National Park are: the leatherback turtle is the largest sea turtle, green torguga, which is the second largest and the most abundant NTP, the loggerhead and hawksbill torgua, which is smaller and much persecuted because with its shell crafts are made, so you are urged not to purchase items from tortoiseshell.

Why visit the Tortuguero National Park?

With his visit he is working for the protection of this national park in various ways, first with the support you provide to pay your ticket of national parks ensures economic resources, and with it brings to the community of Tortuguero, this community can develop and they have changed a people who survived on hunting turtle to a people which derives its main income from tourism also have become great allies in protecting you, and all the fauna in this national park.

Besides buying the tickets directly in national parks, it causes 15% of the value of the ticket is directly invested in these.

Other data:

The NTP has several information booths and control, where officials will attend gladly, also in positions of Jalova (opposite the Jalova lagoon) and Four Corners (near the village of Tortuguero) can buy entrance tickets the park, and on-the Four Corners enjoy the interpretive trail El Gavilán.

Unlike other offices of the Wilderness of Costa Rica in the Four Corners administrative position opens at 5:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

FaLang traduction system by Faboba

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